In and around Bilbao

  • Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
    Art Museums

    Shimmering titanium Museo Guggenheim Bilbao is one of modern architecture's most iconic buildings. It has almost single-handedly lifted Bilbao out of its post-industrial depression and into the 21st century – and with sensation. It boosted the city’s already inspired regeneration, stimulated further development and placed Bilbao firmly in the international art and tourism spotlight.
    Abandoibarra Et. 2, 48001 Bilbao, Spain
    Open Tue - Sun 10:00 - 20:00
  • Casco Viejo
    Historic Walking Areas

    An old, pleasant neighborhood best known for its open-air food markets, where shoppers can buy some of the freshest and best-tasting fruit and vegetables in Europe.
    Plaza Nueva, 10. 2 Izda., 48005 Bilbao, Spain
    Open Mon - Fri 09:00 - 13:30; 15:30 - 19:30
  • Museo de Bellas Artes
    Art Museums

    The Museo de Bellas Artes houses a compelling collection that includes everything from Gothic sculptures to 20th-century pop art. There are three main subcollections: classical art, with works by Murillo, Zurbarán, El Greco, Goya and van Dyck; contemporary art, featuring works by Gauguin, Francis Bacon and Anthony Caro; and Basque art.
    Plaza del Museo 2 Bilbao, Spain
    Open Wed-Mon 10am-8pm
  • Puente Colgante

    Designed by Alberto Palacio, a disciple of Gustave Eiffel, the Unesco World Heritage–listed Puente Colgante (also known as the Vizcaya or Bizkaia Bridge) was the world's first transporter bridge, opening in 1883. The bridge, which links the towns of Getxo and Portugalete (part of greater Bilbao), consists of a suspended platform that sends cars and passengers gliding silently over the Ría del Nervión.
    Portugalete, Bilbao, Spain
    Open 10am-7pm Nov-Mar, to 8pm Mon-Thu, to 9pm Fri Apr-Oct
  • Euskal Museoa
    Art Museum

    This is probably the most complete museum of Basque culture and history in all of Spain. The story begins in prehistory; from this murky period the displays bound rapidly up to the modern age, in the process explaining just how long the Basques have called this corner of the world home.
    Alas, unless you read Spanish, it’s all a little meaningless as there are no English translations.
    Plaza Miguel Unamuno 4 Bilbao, Spain
    Open 10am-7pm Mon & Wed-Fri, 10am-1.30pm & 4-7pm Sat, 10am-2pm Sun
  • Basilica de Begoña

    This 16th-century basilica towers over the Casco Viejo from atop a nearby hill. It's mainly Gothic in look, although Renaissance touches, such as the arched main entrance, crept in during its century-long construction. The austere vaulted interior is brightened by a gold altarpiece which contains a statue of the Virgin Begoña, the patron saint of Biscay who's venerated locally as Amatxu (Mother).

    Calle Virgen de Begoña Bilbao, Spain
    Open 8.30am-1.30pm & 5-8.30pm Mon-Sat, 9am-2pm & 5-9pm Sun
  • Torre Loizaga

    The only Rolls-Royce Collection in Europe with all models manufactured between 1910-1998.
    Located in the countryside, the reconstructed medieval Loizaga tower also houses other unique collection of vintage cars, classic and sports

    Galdames, Vizcaya, 48191, Spagna
    Open Sundays and national public holidays: 10 am to 3 pm
Bilbao is a city in northern Spain, the largest city in the province of Biscay and in the Basque Country as a whole. Bilbao is the tenth largest city in Spain, with a population of 345,141 As of 2015. The Bilbao metropolitan area has roughly 1 million inhabitants, making it one of the most populous metropolitan areas in northern Spain; with a population of 875,552 the comarca of Greater Bilbao is the fifth-largest urban area in Spain. Bilbao is also the main urban area in what is defined as the Greater Basque region.

Bilbao is situated in the north-central part of Spain, some 16 kilometres (10 mi) south of the Bay of Biscay, where the economic social development is located, where the estuary of Bilbao is formed. Its main urban core is surrounded by two small mountain ranges with an average elevation of 400 metres (1,300 ft).

After its foundation in the early 14th century by Diego López V de Haro, head of the powerful Haro family, Bilbao was a commercial hub of the Basque Country that enjoyed significant importance in Green Spain. This was due to its port activity based on the export of iron extracted from the Biscayan quarries. Throughout the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth, Bilbao experienced heavy industrialisation, making it the centre of the second-most industrialised region of Spain, behind Barcelona. At the same time an extraordinary population explosion prompted the annexation of several adjacent municipalities. Nowadays, Bilbao is a vigorous service city that is experiencing an ongoing social, economic, and aesthetic revitalisation process, started by the iconic Bilbao Guggenheim Museum, and continued by infrastructure investments, such as the airport terminal, the rapid transit system, the tram line, the Alhóndiga, and the currently under development Abandoibarra and Zorrozaurre renewal projects.

Bilbao is also home to football club Athletic Club de Bilbao, a significant symbol for Basque nationalism due to its promotion of Basque players and one of the most successful clubs in Spanish football history.

Its proximity to the Bay of Biscay gives Bilbao an oceanic climate (Cfb), with precipitation occurring throughout the year and without a well-defined dry summer. Precipitation is abundant, and given the latitude and atmospheric dynamics, rainy days represent 45% and cloudy days 40% of the annual total. The rainiest season is between October and April, November being the wettest. Snow is not frequent in Bilbao, although it is possible to see snow on the top of the surrounding mountains. Sleet is more frequent, about 10 days per year, mainly in the winter months. Bilbao is nearest of the subtropical boundary of all the Atlantic coastal cities in the country with an August daily mean of 20.9 °C (69.6 °F). There is also a drying trend in summer with only around 50 millimetres (2.0 in) of rainfall in July - but not dry enough to be considered Mediterranean.

The proximity of the ocean also means that the two best defined seasons (summer and winter) remain mild, with low intensity thermal oscillations. Average maximum temperatures vary between 25 and 26 °C (77.0 and 78.8 °F) in the summer months, while the average minimum in winter is between 6 and 7 °C (42.8 and 44.6 °F).

Extreme record observations in Bilbao are 42.2 °C (108.0 °F) maximum (on 13 August 2003) and −8.6 °C (16.5 °F) minimum (on 3 February 1963). The maximum precipitation in a day was 225.6 mm (9 in) on 26 August 1983 when severe flooding was caused by the Nervión river.


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II INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS PEDIATRICS 2.0 - Bilbao September 14 - 16 2017